Alzheimer’s Care Tips – Alzheimer’s symptoms grow worse as time progresses, the disease may have unpredictable changes; making it an extremely difficult task to care of a person with Alzheimer’s disease at home. For both the person with Alzheimer’s and the caregiver, arranging basic activities of daily living can be difficult. Eating, talking, sleeping, and finding things to do: all these things become difficult as the disease becomes more severe. There are many ways to help manage these difficulties.
Alzheimer’s Care Tips and What to do during the day?
Finding activities that are new to a person with Alzheimer’s can be difficult. It is a great idea to build on previous skills that the person has, rather then teaching something new. Activities are best when they use current abilities. The simpler the activity the better, try not to expect too much. To help them begin the activity give step by step instructions and praise them for every step completed. Breaking the activity down into small steps helps the exercise go smoothly. Be sure to choose activities they seem to enjoy; watch for signs of agitation or frustration with an activity.
For more activities adult day services are recommended. Also adult day services provide relief for the caregivers.
Communicating with a person who has Alzheimer’s can difficult. When speaking choose simple words and short sentences. When addressing the person, call them by name and make sure you have there full attention before speaking. Try to get to the point as quickly as possible, while using a calm and gentle voice. Make sure not to patronizing the person or speak to them as if they were a baby. Avoid as many distractions as possible. Such as, television and radio, so that they may focus on what you are saying. Make sure to NOT interrupt and allow time for a response.
If the person seems to be struggling with communicating or stuck on a word, try to gently assist them. Try to structure questions and instructions in a positive way.
Eating and Drinking
Eating can also be difficult for some people with Alzheimer’s. Some want to eat all the time but are encouraged to keep a good diet. A quiet and calm environment when eating is ideal. Minimum distractions and noise help them focus on the meal. It is best to offer one food at a time and in small portions. Smaller meals throughout the day might be more efficient than 3 large ones.
To make drinking easier use straws and cups with lids. Use finger foods if the person struggles with utensils. A bowl instead of a plate may also help. Be sure to have healthy snacks where they can be seen because they will forget where certain things are.
Nighttime can seem like a blessing for some, but for those with Alzheimer’s it can be difficult. Most people with Alzheimer have become restless and irritable around this time. Putting the person to bed may require some advance planning.
Limit daytime napping and encourage exercise during the day, but still allow for a sufficient amount of rest during the day. Try to schedule more physical activities such as bathing earlier in the day. And in the evening set a peaceful, quiet tone to encourage sleep. Make certain that the lights are dim and the noise is down to a minimum. In some cases playing soothing music may help, but only if the person enjoys it. Try to keep the person’s bedtime routine. NO caffeine late in the day. If the person gets frightened or disoriented use night lights around the halls and bathroom.
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